At Smoky Hill High School in Aurora, CO, you could say we’re victims of our own success when it comes to student protests. One thing we emphasize in our school is that students need to have a voice. In the grand scheme of things, the school is their school. It’s not my school, it’s not the teachers’ school—it’s the community’s school.

One result of that focus on student voice is that we’ve had a number of student protests and walkouts in the past few years. Our students have marched in favor of social justice issues such as Black Lives Matter and rights for DACA students. And they’ve protested against other issues such as our district mask mandate and, most recently, the war in Ukraine. This past school year ended May 24, the day of the massacre at Robb Elementary in Uvalde, TX. I am confident that our students would have staged a walkout in the wake of the attack to advocate for changes in gun laws had they still been in school. 

Students are absolutely challenging authority more, especially since the beginning of the pandemic. I hear that from my colleagues everywhere. But at Smoky Hill, I think we’ve done a good job of channeling that into ways that are not harmful and, in fact, are valuable educational experiences for students.

Leading the Way

One common part of every protest at our school is that students come to the administration and tell us in advance what they are planning so we can discuss logistics and avoid problems. They understand they have a right to protest and a right to walk out, and they also understand the consequences that go with that, such as being counted absent from class or being held responsible for anything that might be damaged. Fortunately, we’ve never had any problems with the students’ actions during a protest.

About four years ago, I helped NASSP draft some guidelines (available at for dealing with student protests or walkouts during school time. As I look at that guidance today, I’m happy that it still stands up really well. I think one reason is because of the first piece: Above all, we must keep our students safe.

We’ve only had one protest where students left school grounds, and that can cause complications. We don’t want students walking in traffic or putting themselves or others at risk. Sometimes it can be useful to recommend alternatives, such as keeping the protest on school grounds or convening a schoolwide discussion.

Another thing we have emphasized at our school is that teachers and staff may not take part in protests. If an entire class walks out, the teacher should follow and help provide supervision, but that’s the extent of their involvement. It’s not our job to debate our personal feelings with the kids or put any kind of political beliefs on them. Our job is to listen. The same goes for the administrators, school resource officers, and security staff who must be present at student protests. We stay in the background and let students have the time that they feel they need.

Our security team has developed really good relationships with our students. When you know who the kids are, and the kids know that you know who they are, things go better. We want to avoid an “us vs. them” situation. And for that same reason, we try to avoid having police on site unless students leave campus. Especially in the last couple years, people can be very sensitive about police being around, so we purposely don’t have them there unless something serious goes down.

Not surprisingly, we do have some parents who question why we let our students engage in protests. My response? As long as it’s not disrupting the school’s educational setting, students have the right to walk out and protest. In fact, I think it’s valuable for students to not just talk about issues in civics classes but actually live them. Education is not just about the transfer of knowledge. It’s also about students applying what they’ve learned in school and how that connects to the real world.

I also feel fortunate that we have not had the same kinds of protests that other districts have had about book banning and parents wanting to control everything that’s taught in school. We’re a public school, and the purpose of a public education is not to teach kids only what parents want them to be taught. As a public school, we serve not just the parents but the entire community, hence the word “public.” Our job is to teach students what society needs them to know in order to be successful. We talk a lot with our students about how they must seek to learn and understand, especially with everything that’s going on in the world right now. 

Charles Puga is the principal of Smoky Hill High School in Aurora, CO, and the 2020 Colorado High School Principal of the Year. 

Sidebar: Tips and Guidelines

Guidelines for Teachers

  • Teachers may not take part in the protest.
  • If an entire class walks out, the teacher should follow and help provide supervision.
  • If some students do not walk out, the teacher must remain with the students who are in class.
  • It is OK for a reasonable number of students to be grouped into a single room with teacher supervision so that others may provide supervision outside.

Staying Ahead of the Game

  • Monitor staff absences in advance to communicate with substitutes.
  • Consider having your attendance clerk report earlier in the day to get a jump on responding to calls and messages.
  • Meet with your safety team and/or leadership team to plan ahead.
  • If you share a campus, share details of the protest ahead of time and communicate often.


  • Remember that students have the right to participate.
  • Listen to students—some are protesting out of fear of the unknown—and engage them in
  • conversations; seek to understand.
  • Monitor the students to make sure they are safe.
  • Plan meaningful learning activities for the day.
  • Talk to student leaders.
  • Communicate with parents.
  • Communicate suggestions and expectations with staff.
  • Monitor numbers and report to your district administrators any obvious organized gatherings.
  • Assume everything will be recorded by someone.


  • Organize or promote a walkout.
  • Get into power struggles or make threats (give suspensions, etc.).
  • Politicize—while you have views, this is not the time to debate.
  • Wait and see what happens.